Iranian National Consultative Assembly


Founded in 1906, the National Consultative Assembly, or Majlis, was the main legislative
body of Iran throughout the ruling of Pahlavi dynasty. During the Persian Constitutional
Revolution, the Assembly was established and authorized in the process of lawmaking on all
matters; while its power was restricted by the Shah and other religious institutions. Each bill
that was passed by the Assembly was reviewed by a supreme ulama, as to ensure the
suitability of laws to the shari’a, which contradicted with the vision of the Revolution:
establishing a secular constitutional monarchy. 

Following the crisis over the nationalization of Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, Prime Minister
Mohammad Mosaddegh gained huge trust from the public, and severe hatred from the West;
which brought his end by a coup d’état assisted by the United Kingdom and the United States.
Meanwhile, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi allied with the U.S. and initiated major reforms that
legitimized traditional notions and the actions of Pahlavi dynasty; yet,  the so-called White
Revolution was reflected to the public as a step towards westernization. Secular reign of the
Shah and the White Revolution commenced a massive opposition, and a severe uprising that
led to the Islamic Revolution in 1979, one of the most influential historical events to date.

As the Iranian National Consultative Assembly will be working thoroughly to bring an end to
the crisis and protect the regime; history will be rewritten, and so will the fate of a country
that is going through a colossal outbreak.

  • Open Agenda


Mehmet Ali Sungur

Sencer Pamukçu